Nuclear Weapon Producers
Don’t Bank on the Bomb 2015 identifies 26 companies involved in the production, maintenance, and modernisation of nuclear weapons. Those 26 are based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Recommendations by campaigners, examination of the existing exclusion lists used by some financial institutions and further research led to the following changes in the list of nuclear weapons producing companies in this 2015 report:
- ATK is now part of Orbital ATK;
- GenCorp is now operating under the name Aerojet Rocketdyne;
- Aecom has acquired URS;
- Engility Holdings has acquired TASC;
- Rockwell Collins has been removed from the report as our research pointed to the expiration of contracts and no current contracts were identified for nuclear weapons work;
- Leidos has been removed because current contracts link them with activities currently outside the scope of this report;
- Moog has been added, as research identified current contracts for the production of key components related to nuclear weapons in the UK and US arsenals;
- ThyssenKrupp has been removed as we were unable to verify current contracts for nuclear weapons related work, and;
- Walchandnagar Industries has been added, as research identified current contracts for production of key components related to India’s nuclear arsenal.
When financial institutions invest in companies involved in nuclear weapons, they provide the financing to maintain, refurbish, test, and modernise nuclear weapons. All of the nuclear armed countries are modernising their arsenals, but only some of the work is done by companies that are not state controlled.
This overview shows some of the companies involved in the production of nuclear weapons key components for the arsenals in France, India, Israel, the United Kingdom and the United States. This is not an exhaustive list, but meant to be illustrative of the broad range of actors involved in the ongoing production, maintenance and modernisation of nuclear weapons.
To our knowledge, the arsenals of China, DPRK, Israel, Pakistan and Russia are not outsourced to private companies.
In some nuclear-armed states – in particular the United States, the United Kingdom and France – private companies are hired by governments to carry out work on maintaining and modernising nuclear arsenals. This report looks at companies that are providing the necessary components to develop, test, maintain and modernise nuclear weapons.The contracts these companies have with nuclear armed countries are for materials and services to keep nuclear weapons in their arsenals. The companies described are substantially involved in the nuclear weapons programmes of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, or India and are themselves based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.
In other nuclear-armed countries –Russia, China, Pakistan and North Korea – the maintenance and modernization of nuclear forces is carried out primarily or exclusively by government agencies.
The nuclear weapon producers identified were selected on the basis of a predetermined set of criteria.
– Information on investments is publicly available.
– The company is directly involved in the development, testing, production, maintenance or trade of nuclear weapons related technology, parts, products or services.
– The company’s involvement is related to warheads, or to delivery systems such as missiles, that are specifically developed for nuclear tasks. This includes technology that is designed for ‘dual use’ (military and civilian) but excludes technology that is not designed for, but can be used in nuclear warfare. It does not include delivery platforms such as bombers and submarines.
State owned or controlled nuclear industries are outside the scope of this research, as are companies not publicly listed. Our research uncovered a number of Universities involved in nuclear weapons programmes, but these are also outside the scope of the report.
The list of nuclear weapon producers investigated was compiled through a wide variety of sources, including financial institution exclusion lists, civil society reports, media reports, etc. Additional details on the contracts and components can be found in the Annex. We welcome information at any time about possible nuclear weapons producing companies to investigate.