Nuclear Weapon Producers

Modernisation can be misleading, especially when it comes to nuclear weapons. Modernizing nuclear weapons is more about maintaining or expanding the ability to murder civilians using an indiscriminate weapon outlawed by international treaty.

Every one of the nine nuclear armed countries is spending significant resources investing in new, more useable, and more destabilising nuclear weapons. In some of these countries, this work is done by private companies. This section profiles the companies involved in producing key components for the nuclear arsenals of France, India, the United Kingdom and the United States. In other nuclear-armed countries – China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea), Israel, Pakistan and the Russian Federation, – the maintenance and modernisation of nuclear forces is carried out primarily or exclusively by government agencies.

The resulting list of companies compiled in this report is not exhaustive. It is an attempt to identify the privately owned companies that are most heavily involved in the nuclear weapon industrial complex. There are numerous other companies involved on a different scale or more indirectly. For example, companies involved in the production of small parts used in the assembly or maintenance of nuclear devices. In that sense, it is important to note that the total nuclear weapons industry is much larger than what is identified here.

The companies described here are based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

A quick guide: Who produces which arsenal?

When financial institutions invest in companies involved in nuclear weapons, they provide the financing to maintain, refurbish, test, and modernise nuclear weapons. All of the nuclear armed countries are modernising their arsenals, but only some of the work is done by companies that are not state controlled.

This overview shows some of the companies involved in the production of nuclear weapons key components for the arsenals in France, India, the United Kingdom and the United States. This is not an exhaustive list, but meant to be illustrative of the broad range of actors involved in the ongoing production, maintenance and modernisation of nuclear weapons.

To our knowledge, the arsenals of China, DPRK, Israel, Pakistan and Russia are not outsourced to private companies.

France:

Airbus Group (the Netherlands), BAE Systems (United Kingdom), Leonardo (Italy), Safran (France), and Thales (France).

India:

Larsen & Toubro (India)

United Kingdom:

 Aerojet Rocketdyne (United States), BAE Systems (United Kingdom), Boeing (United States), General Dynamics (United States), Honeywell International (United States), Jacobs Engineering (United States), Lockheed Martin (United States), Moog (United States), Northrop Grumman (United States), Orbital ATK (United States), and Serco (United Kingdom)

United States:

 Aecom (United States), Aerojet Rocketdyne (United States), BWX Technologies (United States),BAE Systems (United Kingdom), Bechtel (United States), Boeing (United States), Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (United States), Engility (formerly TASC, United States), Leonardo (Italy), Fluor (United States), General Dynamics (United States), Honeywell International (United States), Huntington Ingalls Industries (United States), Lockheed Martin (United States), Moog (United States), Northrop Grumman (United States), Orbital ATK (United States), Raytheon (United States), and Textron (United States).

The first report was launched in 2012 and included 20 nuclear weapons producers. That number was expanded to 27 in 2013, 28 in 2014 and due to contract terminations the 2015 report included 26 companies, whereas the 2016 update includes 27 companies. In order to be able to offer comprehensive comparisons and trend data, the published version of the 2018 report will include 20 companies, whereas information will be made available on the website on additional companies involved in nuclear weapon production.

The chart below shows the total investments in each producer between January 2013 and January 2016, as listed in the Hall of Shame of the 2016 report.

2016producer_investments

 

Changes from the 2016 Report

Over the years the companies included in the report have had some slight variations. The decision was taken for this report to print information about the top twenty producing companies. These companies have appeared in each Don’t Bank on the Bomb report since the project was first launched, and though there have been some name changes, this is the key red flag list. There is additional information about other producers on the website.

The updated version of the full report includes the following producers:

As always, the producers list identified through this project is not exhaustive. We have found the following companies to also be involved in producing key components necessary for nuclear weapons: Charles Stark Draper Laboratories; Engility Holdings; Leonardo (formerly known as Leonardo – Finmeccanica); Moog; Rockwell Collins; Textron; Walchandnagar Industries; Vectra, and; Premier Explosives Limited.  Information on these producing companies is available on the website.

CH2M Hill (United States) was acquired in December 2017 by Jacobs Engineering however, we have retained the specific information about CH2M Hill as the acquisition took place after our financial research period (January 2013- October 2017).

Changes from the 2015 Report

The list of companies in 2016 looks different from the earlier lists, as some companies have merged or changed names. ATK is now part of Orbital ATK. URS has been acquired by Aecom. Gencorp is now operating under the name Aerojet Rocketdyne. TASC has been acquired by Engility Holdings. Babcock & Wilcox is now known as BWX Technologies and Finmeccanica is now known as Leonardo-Finmeccanica.

This report includes a new company- Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. We have been aware for several years of their connection to the nuclear weapons industry, and now have gathered the information that concretely demonstrates the link, as well as information about their relationship with the financial industry.

Don’t Bank on the Bomb 2015 identified 26 companies involved in the production, maintenance, and modernisation of nuclear weapons. Those 26 are based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

graphic_arsenal countries3

 

 

 

 

 

Changes from the 2014 Report

 

 

Recommendations by campaigners, examination of the existing exclusion lists used by some financial institutions and further research led to the following changes in the list of nuclear weapons producing companies in this 2015 report:

  • ATK is now part of Orbital ATK;
  • GenCorp is now operating under the name Aerojet Rocketdyne;
  • Aecom has acquired URS;
  • Engility Holdings has acquired TASC;
  • Rockwell Collins has been removed from the report as our research pointed to the expiration of contracts and no current contracts were identified for nuclear weapons work;
  • Leidos has been removed because current contracts link them with activities currently outside the scope of this report;
  • Moog has been added, as research identified current contracts for the production of key components related to nuclear weapons in the UK and US arsenals;
  • ThyssenKrupp has been removed as we were unable to verify current contracts for nuclear weapons related work, and;
  • Walchandnagar Industries has been added, as research identified current contracts for production of key components related to India’s nuclear arsenal.

Other companies

Other companies

In conducting the research for the top nuclear weapon producers, we generally examine up to 150 companies that may have some association with nuclear weapon production. Some financial institutions may also choose to divest from these companies.  The information presented here is meant to inform additional discussions for those choosing the scope of their nuclear weapon policies.

ACT-Corp

Atlantic CommTech Corp. (ACT-Corp) is updating the nuclear weapon storage facilities at the bases hosting B61s in Europe.

Babcock International

Babcock International is engaged in producing key components for the next generation of nuclear armed submarines for the United Kingdom.  The Don’t Bank on the Bomb methodology does not include delivery vehicle producers, but some financial institutions continue to exclude any investments in this company.

Battelle

This is a US 501(c)3 charitable trust. It is involved in the site maintenance at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory . However, it is a not-for-profit corporation. Under examination of the tax records filed (form 990) , the company reported income solely from government grants. They are likely involved in production activities, however, they appear to have no external or private financing.

Charles Stark Draper Laboratory

Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (“Draper”) is the prime contractor for the Trident Life Extension (LE) boost guidance and is manufacturing the guidance system for the Trident missile system in use by the UK and the US. More detail can be found here.

Engility Holdings

Engility Holdings is involved in the research and development for the Minuteman III system for the US arsenal. More detail can be found here.

Leonardo

Leonardo (Italy) (formerly Finmeccanica)  is involved in the design, development and delivery of Transporter Erector Replacement Vehicles for the US Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile fleet. It is also involved in the production of medium-range air-to-surface missiles for the French. More detail can be found here.

Moog

Moog develops launch vehicle and strategic missile controls for the Minuteman III (US) and Trident (D5) (US & UK) missiles. More information can be found here.

Raytheon

Raytheon (United States) is involved in the Minuteman III missile system for the US nuclear arsenal. It is also producing key components for the new US Long Range Standoff weapon. More information can be found here.

Textron

Textron (United States) designs and builds re-entry vehicles for the US Minuteman III inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBM). Find more information here.

Walchandnagar Industries

Walchandnagar Industries Limited (India) supplies infrastructure and facilities for the production of the surface-to-air short-range Akash missile and the launching systems for Agni and Akash missiles for the Indian arsenal. It also manufactures the main thrust motor casing segment for the intercontinental ballistic Agni-V missile. Find more information here.

Top 20 Producers

Looking for information on other nuclear weapon associated companies? Check here.

In some nuclear-armed states – in particular the United States, the United Kingdom and France – private companies are hired by governments to carry out work on maintaining and modernising nuclear arsenals.

This report looks at the top 20 companies that are providing the necessary components to develop, test, maintain and modernise nuclear weapons.The contracts these companies have with nuclear armed countries are for materials and services to keep nuclear weapons in their arsenals. The companies described are substantially involved in the nuclear weapons programmes of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, or India and are themselves based in France, India, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. More information on other companies involved in nuclear arsenals, not listed in the top 20, can be found here.

In other nuclear-armed countries –Russia, China, Pakistan and North Korea – the maintenance and modernization of nuclear forces is carried out primarily or exclusively by government agencies.

Methodology

The nuclear weapon producers identified were selected on the basis of a predetermined set of criteria.
– Information on investments is publicly available.
– The company is directly involved in the development, testing, production, maintenance or trade of nuclear weapons related technology, parts, products or services.
– The company’s involvement is related to warheads, or to delivery systems such as missiles, that are specifically developed for nuclear tasks. This includes technology that is designed for ‘dual use’ (military and civilian) but excludes technology that is not designed for, but can be used in nuclear warfare. It does not include delivery platforms such as bombers and submarines.

State owned or controlled nuclear industries are outside the scope of this research, as are companies not publicly listed. Our research uncovered a number of Universities involved in nuclear weapons programmes, but these are also outside the scope of the report.

The list of nuclear weapon producers investigated was compiled through a wide variety of sources, including financial institution exclusion lists, civil society reports, media reports, etc. Additional details on the contracts and components is on the website.
We welcome information at any time about possible nuclear weapon producing companies to investigate.