Nuclear Weapon Producers

Making something more modern is not always the best idea. Modernising nuclear weapons is more about making sure that nuclear weapons are usable than it is about investing in modern security architecture. Every one of the nine nuclear armed countries is spending significant resources investing in new, more useable, and more destabilising nuclear weapons. In some of these countries, this work is done by private companies. This section profiles the companies involved in producing key components for the nuclear arsenals of France, India, the United Kingdom and the United States. In other nuclear-armed countries – China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea), Israel, Pakistan and the Russian Federation, – the maintenance and modernisation of nuclear forces is carried out primarily or exclusively by government agencies.

The resulting list of companies compiled in this report is not exhaustive. It is an attempt to identify the privately owned companies that are most heavily involved in the nuclear weapon industrial complex. There are numerous other companies involved on a different scale or more indirectly. For example, companies involved in the production of small parts used in the assembly or maintenance of nuclear devices. In that sense, it is important to note that the total nuclear weapons industry is much larger than what is identified here

The companies described here are based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

The first report was launched in 2012 and included 20 nuclear weapons producers. That number was expanded to 27 in 2013, 28 in 2014 and due to contract terminations the 2015 report included 26 companies, whereas the 2016 update includes 27 companies.

The chart below shows the total investments in each producer since January 2016, as listed in the Hall of Shame of the report.

2016producer_investments

Changes from the 2015 Report

The list of companies in 2016 looks different from the earlier lists, as some companies have merged or changed names. ATK is now part of Orbital ATK. URS has been acquired by Aecom. Gencorp is now operating under the name Aerojet Rocketdyne. TASC has been acquired by Engility Holdings. Babcock & Wilcox is now known as BWX Technologies and Finmeccanica is now known as Leonardo-Finmeccanica.

This report includes a new company- Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. We have been aware for several years of their connection to the nuclear weapons industry, and now have gathered the information that concretely demonstrates the link, as well as information about their relationship with the financial industry.

Don’t Bank on the Bomb 2015 identified 26 companies involved in the production, maintenance, and modernisation of nuclear weapons. Those 26 are based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

graphic_arsenal countries3

 

 

 

 

 

Changes from the 2014 Report

 

 

Recommendations by campaigners, examination of the existing exclusion lists used by some financial institutions and further research led to the following changes in the list of nuclear weapons producing companies in this 2015 report:

  • ATK is now part of Orbital ATK;
  • GenCorp is now operating under the name Aerojet Rocketdyne;
  • Aecom has acquired URS;
  • Engility Holdings has acquired TASC;
  • Rockwell Collins has been removed from the report as our research pointed to the expiration of contracts and no current contracts were identified for nuclear weapons work;
  • Leidos has been removed because current contracts link them with activities currently outside the scope of this report;
  • Moog has been added, as research identified current contracts for the production of key components related to nuclear weapons in the UK and US arsenals;
  • ThyssenKrupp has been removed as we were unable to verify current contracts for nuclear weapons related work, and;
  • Walchandnagar Industries has been added, as research identified current contracts for production of key components related to India’s nuclear arsenal.

A quick guide: Who produces which arsenal?

 

 

 

When financial institutions invest in companies involved in nuclear weapons, they provide the financing to maintain, refurbish, test, and modernise nuclear weapons. All of the nuclear armed countries are modernising their arsenals, but only some of the work is done by companies that are not state controlled.

This overview shows some of the companies involved in the production of nuclear weapons key components for the arsenals in France, India, Israel, the United Kingdom and the United States. This is not an exhaustive list, but meant to be illustrative of the broad range of actors involved in the ongoing production, maintenance and modernisation of nuclear weapons.

To our knowledge, the arsenals of China, DPRK, Israel, Pakistan and Russia are not outsourced to private companies.

France: Airbus Group (the Netherlands), BAE Systems (United Kingdom), Leonardo- Finmeccanica (Italy), Safran (France), and Thales (France).

India: Larsen & Toubro (India), Walchandnagar Industries (India)

United Kingdom: Aerojet Rocketdyne (United States), BAE Systems (United Kingdom), Boeing (United States), General Dynamics (United States), Honeywell International (United States), Jacobs Engineering (United States), Lockheed Martin (United States), Moog (United States), Northrop Grumman (United States), Orbital ATK (United States), and Serco (United Kingdom)

United States: Aecom (United States), Aerojet Rocketdyne (United States), BWX Technologies (United States),BAE Systems (United Kingdom), Bechtel (United States), Boeing (United States), Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (United States), Engility (formerly TASC, United States), CH2M Hill (United States),Leonardo- Finmeccanica (Italy), Fluor (United States), General Dynamics (United States), Honeywell International (United States), Huntington Ingalls Industries (United States), Lockheed Martin (United States), Moog (United States), Northrop Grumman (United States), Orbital ATK (United States), Raytheon (United States), and Textron (United States).

 

Producers

In some nuclear-armed states – in particular the United States, the United Kingdom and France – private companies are hired by governments to carry out work on maintaining and modernising nuclear arsenals. This report looks at companies that are providing the necessary components to develop, test, maintain and modernise nuclear weapons.The contracts these companies have with nuclear armed countries are for materials and services to keep nuclear weapons in their arsenals. The companies described are substantially involved in the nuclear weapons programmes of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, or India and are themselves based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

In other nuclear-armed countries –Russia, China, Pakistan and North Korea – the maintenance and modernization of nuclear forces is carried out primarily or exclusively by government agencies.

Methodology

The nuclear weapon producers identified were selected on the basis of a predetermined set of criteria.
– Information on investments is publicly available.
– The company is directly involved in the development, testing, production, maintenance or trade of nuclear weapons related technology, parts, products or services.
– The company’s involvement is related to warheads, or to delivery systems such as missiles, that are specifically developed for nuclear tasks. This includes technology that is designed for ‘dual use’ (military and civilian) but excludes technology that is not designed for, but can be used in nuclear warfare. It does not include delivery platforms such as bombers and submarines.

State owned or controlled nuclear industries are outside the scope of this research, as are companies not publicly listed. Our research uncovered a number of Universities involved in nuclear weapons programmes, but these are also outside the scope of the report.

The list of nuclear weapon producers investigated was compiled through a wide variety of sources, including financial institution exclusion lists, civil society reports, media reports, etc. Additional details on the contracts and components can be found in the Annex. We welcome information at any time about possible nuclear weapons producing companies to investigate.