Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin (United States) is responsible for the construction of the Trident II (D5) nuclear missiles for the US and the UK. It is also involved in the production and maintenance of the Minuteman III nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles for the US. It is part of the joint venture AWE-ML, which manages the UK Atomic Weapons Establishment, that designs, manufactures and maintains nuclear warheads for the UK.

Company profile

Lockheed Martin, based in the US, focuses on aeronautics, space systems, electronic systems and information systems. Its most important divisions are aerospace and defence, information technology and new technologies.[a]

In the financial year ending 31 December 2015, it generated revenues of US$ 46.1 billion (€ 42.2 billion), resulting in an operating income of US$ 5.4 billion (€ 5.0 billion) and a net income of US$ 3.6 billion (€ 3.3 billion).[b]

Contact Information

Website: www.lockheedmartin.com
Twitter: @LockheedMartin
Facebook: www.facebook.com/lockheedmartin

6801 Rockledge Drive,
Bethesda, Maryland 20817-1877
United States
+1.301.897.6000

Nuclear weapons

Lockheed Martin is the world’s largest weapons producer.[i] It produces and maintains a wide variety of conventional weapons around the world, as well as nuclear weapons for both the US and the UK.[ii]

Lockheed Martin is responsible for the construction of the Trident II (D5) nuclear missiles for the US Ohio-class submarines and the British Vanguard-class submarines.[iii] The US is planning to keep Trident II missiles deployed until 2042.[iv]

Lockheed Martin has been awarded numerous contracts for maintenance and further development of the Trident II (D5) over the years. Recent awards include a US$ 19.9 million (€ 14.6 million) unpriced-letter contract from July 2014 for long-lead material and the labour, planning and scheduling necessary to support the fiscal 2015 Trident II D-5 missile production schedule, expected to be completed in September 2019.[v] A US$ 146.3 million (€ 113.6 million) modification for new procurement of Trident II (D5) missile production, D5 Life Extension development and production, and D5 Deployed Systems Support extends work through November 2019. Exercise of all options would increase the contract value to US$ 828.4 million (€ 643.0 million), provided by US and UK defence budgets.[vi]

In November 2014, Lockheed Martin was awarded a US$ 35.9 million (€ 28.9 million) contract to provide engineering efforts in support of integrating the Trident II missile and re-entry strategic weapon system subsystems into the next-generation ballistic submarine designs of the US and UK. The contract contains two option years, which, if exercised, will bring the contract value to a maximum US$ 99.2 million (€ 80.0 million). Work is expected to be completed in December 2017; exercise of options will extend the contract through September 2020.[vii] Under a modification provided in April 2016, Lockheed Martin Space Systems received another US$ 12.0 million (€ 10.6 million) for this work with completion expected in March 2020.[viii]

In March 2015, Lockheed Martin was awarded a US$ 59.0 million (€ 54.4 million) contract for Trident II D-5 Navigation Subsystem Strategic Systems Program Shipboard Integration (SSI). Work is expected to be completed in December 2016. US Navy funds account for US$ 47.1 million (€ 43.4 million), United Kingdom funding for the remaining US$ 11.9 million (€ 11.0 million).[ix]

In April 2015, Lockheed Martin obtained UK contract funds of a maximum US$ 31.1 million (€ 28.9 million) to provide engineering and technical support services and deliverable materials for the UK Trident II Missile System with completion foreseen in March 2019.[x]

A contract from September 2015 provides US$ 392.0 million (€ 346.0 million) to Lockheed Martin for new procurement of Trident II (D5) missile production, life extension development and production, and deployed systems support. The maximum dollar value including base items and all options exercised is US$ 1.5 billion (€ 1.3 billion). Work is expected to be completed by November 2020.[xi] In the same month, Lockheed Martin was awarded a maximum value US$ 31.6 million (€ 27.9 million) contract for Trident II Navigation Subsystem Strategic Systems Program Shipboard Integration to be completed by May 2016.[xii] Also in September 2015, Lockheed Martin obtained a US$ 8.8 million (€ 7.8 million) modification to a previously awarded contract for an adjustment to the security hardware, associated software, equipment installation, system test, accreditation, certification and delivery of nuclear weapon security system equipment to be completed by November 2016.[xiii]

In December 2015, Lockheed Martin was awarded another US$ 72.5 million (€ 64.0 million) contract to provide US and UK Trident II (D5) navigation subsystem engineering support services. With all options exercised, the contract value can reach a maximum value of US$ 147.4 million (€ 134.4 million).[xiv] In March 2016, Lockheed Martin obtained a maximum value US$ 93.4 million (€ 84.1 million) contract, covering among others Trident II Inertial Navigation Subsystem (INS) design; further development of the technology refreshment for Shipboard Systems Integration (SSI) increments and various prelaunch tasks. Work is expected to be finalized by November 2017.[xv] A contract from April 2016 with a value of US$ 21.0 million (€ 18.9 million) plans to provide the UK with engineering and technical support services and deliverable materials for the Trident II Missile System.[xvi]

As a member of the ICBM Prime Integration Team, Lockheed Martin is involved in the production and maintenance of the Minuteman III nuclear ICBM. The company has been the principal designer, manufacturer and sustainer of Minuteman III re-entry systems since the 1960s.[xvii] Lockheed Martin is responsible for the weapons, control and re-entry systems in this project led by BAE Systems since June 2014.[xviii]

In March 2011, the company received a US$ 12.5 million (€ 8.8 million) one-year subcontract by Northrop Grumman for the refurbishment of re-entry vehicle arming and fusing assemblies for the Minuteman III missiles. According to the latest US Air Force plans, these nuclear missiles will continue to be part of the US nuclear defence programme until at least 2030.[xix] In June 2014, Lockheed Martin was awarded the contract for sustainment of the re-entry subsystem for the Minuteman III. An initial one-year contract from the US Air Force had a value of US$ 109.0 million (€ 80.5 million). Options for additional years bring the potential contract value to US$ 452.0 million (€ 333.9 million). The contract includes repair, modification and testing of hardware and software components in the re-entry system-re-entry vehicle subsystem and related support equipment. Work is expected to be complete by June 2022.[xx]

Along with Boeing, Northrop Grumman and Raytheon, Lockheed Martin is under contract since 2013 to conduct trade studies in support of the Air Force Long-Range Standoff (LRSO) missile plans. This line-up is expected to become a four-way competition to build a Long Range Standoff weapon.[xxi] Reportedly, the US Nuclear Weapons Council in October 2014 selected the W80-1 thermonuclear warhead for the LRSO nuclear cruise missile, scheduled for deployment in 2027. After modification during a life-extension programme, the warhead will be dubbed W80-4.[xxii] Little information about what the US Air Force is seeking in an LRSO missile is publicly available.[xxiii]

Lockheed Martin is part of the joint venture AWE-ML, the company that manages the United Kingdom’s Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE).[xxiv] Following a previously equal distribution with partners Lockheed Martin and Serco, it was agreed during a restructuring in March 2016 that Lockheed Martin would increase its share to 51%, with Serco and Jacobs Engineering then holding 24.5% each.[xxv] The AWE is responsible for the maintenance of the warheads for the country’s Trident nuclear arsenal. Trident is a submarine-launched, intercontinental ballistic missile system carried by the fleet of Vanguard-class submarines. AWE-ML is responsible for managing and operating the AWE sites at Aldermaston, Burghfield, and Blacknest, and is a partner in the consortium operating the nuclear arms depot in Coulport, Scotland. [xxvi]

AWE’s involvement with Trident missiles covers the entire life cycle, from initial concept to assessment, design, component manufacture and assembly, in-service support and decommissioning and disposal.[xxvii] AWE-ML has a 25 year-long non-revocable contract to run the AWE that expires in March 2025. [xxviii] In the 15 years from 2000 to 2015, the contract had a value of an estimated £ 9 billion. The contract came under discussion in 2015 due to poor performance of the operator.[xxix] In March 2016, a modified contract between the Ministry of Defence and AWE-ML was agreed, described as including performance incentives as well as penalties for not meeting targets, and including the new consortium structure.[xxx]

According to recent reports, work is already under way at the AWE facilities in Aldermaston and Burghfield to upgrade the existing Trident arsenal. The “Nuclear Warhead Capability Sustainment Programme” also entails the development of an entirely new warhead, the Mark 4A or Mk4A.[xxxi] The programme reportedly commenced without formally notifying the UK parliament.[xxxii]

Lockheed Martin is a member of the Consolidated Nuclear Services (CNS), which took over the management and operation of the Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee and the Pantex Plant in Texas under the same contract in 2014. CNS is a Bechtel -led joint venture including Lockheed Martin Services, ATK Launch Systems (part of Orbital ATK), SOC, and Booz Allen Hamilton[1] as a teaming subcontractor.[xxxiii] The US$ 446 million (€ 326.5 million) contract has a base-term of five years, with options for an additional five years. The contract includes design and construction of a Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) at the Y-12 National Security Complex and an option for Savannah River Tritium Operations at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina.[xxxiv]

At the Y-12 Complex, nuclear weapons are produced and refurbished, and at the Pantex Plant in Texas the life extension programme for the W76 warheads deployed on Trident II (D5) ballistic missiles is expected to continue through 2018.[xxxv]

Investors

The following financial institutions have made approximately US$ 65,768 million available to this producer since January 2013.

  • Academy Securities
  • Affiliated Managers Group
  • Allstate
  • American International Group (AIG)
  • Ameriprise Financial
  • ANZ
  • AXA
  • Bank of America
  • Bank of New York Mellon
  • Barclays
  • BlackRock
  • Blaylock Beal Van
  • Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec
  • Capital Group
  • Charles Schwab
  • Citigroup
  • CL King & Associates
  • Comerica
  • Crédit Agricole
  • Crédit Mutuel CIC Group
  • Drexel Hamilton
  • Fidelity Investments

  • Franklin Resources
  • Geode Capital Management
  • Goldman Sachs
  • Janus Capital Group
  • JPMorgan Chase
  • Lebenthal Holdings
  • Legg Mason
  • Lloyds Banking Group
  • Loop Capital
  • Macquarie Group
  • Manulife Financial
  • MassMutual Financial
  • MetLife
  • Mischler Financial Group
  • Mitsubishi UFJ Financial
  • Mizuho Financial
  • Morgan Stanley
  • New York Life Insurance
  • Northern Trust
  • Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance
  • Orix Corporation
  • Prudential (UK)
  • Prudential Financial (US)

  • Riyad Bank
  • Royal Bank of Canada
  • Royal Bank of Scotland
  • SAR Holding
  • Siebert Brandford Shank Financial
  • State Farm
  • State Street
  • Sumitomo Mitsui Financial
  • Sun Life Financial
  • TIAA-CREF
  • Toronto-Dominion Bank
  • UBS
  • UniCredit
  • US Bancorp
  • Vanguard
  • Wellington Management
  • Wells Fargo
  • Western & Southern Financial
  • White Mountains
  • Williams Capital Group

This page was last updated 29 November 2016.

Notes

[a]       Lockheed Martin, “What we do”, Website Lockheed Martin (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/what-we-do.html), viewed June 2016.

[b]      Lockheed Martin, “Annual Report 2015”, Lockheed Martin, February 2016;
Thomson Reuters Eikon, “Lockheed Martin Corp – Fundamentals”, Thomson Reuters Eikon, viewed June 2016.

[1] Research indicated that SOC provides security services only, while Booz Allen Hamilton is a broad consulting firm whose work is not integral to maintain the nuclear arsenal.

[i]       Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), “The SIPRI Top 100 arms-producing and military services companies in the world excluding China, 2012”, SIPRI, December 2015 (www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/files/FS/SIPRIFS1512.pdf).

[ii]      Lockheed Martin, “Lockheed Martin-Built Trident II D5 Missile Achieves 143 Successful Test Flights”, News release Lockheed Martin, 31 October 2012 (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/press-releases/2012/october/1031-ss-trident.html);
Edwards, R., “Anger as US arms dealer takes over running of Scottish nuclear bomb base”, Scotland Herald, 28 May 2011 (www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/anger-as-us-arms-dealer-takes-over-running-of-scottish-nuclear-bomb-base.13864732).

[iii]      Lockheed Martin, “Trident II D5 Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM)”, Website Lockheed Martin (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/products/trident-ii-d5-fleet-ballistic-missile–fbm-.html), viewed June 2016.

[iv]     Strategic Systems Programs Public Affairs, “Back to the Future with Trident Life Extension”, Undersea Warfare, Spring 2012 (http://www.ssp.navy.mil/documents/trident_life_extension.pdf).

[v]      U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-14-C-0100”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 1 July 2014 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/605968).

[vi]     U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract PZ0001 – N00030-14-C-0100”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 19 September 2014 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/606024).

[vii]     U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-15-C-0005”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 25 November 2014 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/606735);
Keller, J., “Lockheed Martin to move Trident nuclear missile design to next-generation ballistic missile submarine”, Website Miltary & Aerospace Electronics, 9 December 2014 (www.militaryaerospace.com/articles/2014/12/trident-ohio-replacement.html).

[viii]    U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contract list – Modification P00011 to contract N00030-15-C-0005”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 5 April 2016 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/713976).

[ix]     U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contract list – Contract N00030-15-C-0015”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 31 March 2015 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/606817).

[x]      U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-15-C-002”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 2 April 2015 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/606819).

[xi]     U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-15-C-0100”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 30 September 2015 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/621281).

[xii]     U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-15-C-0045”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 15 September 2015 September 2015 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/617285).

[xiii]    U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Modification P00004 to contract N00030-13-C-0043”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 21 September 2015 September 2015 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/ 618034).

[xiv]    U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-16-C-0002”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 15 December 2015 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/636392).

[xv]    U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-16-C-0045”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 11 March 2016 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/691728).

[xvi]    U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract N00030-16-C-0023”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 1 April 2016 (www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/711607).

[xvii]   Airforce-Technology, “USAF awards Minuteman III reentry subsystem sustainment contract”, Website Airforce-Technology, 17 June 2014 (www.airforce-technology.com/news/newsusaf-awards-minuteman-iii-reentry-subsystem-sustainment-contract-4294836);
Lockheed Martin, “Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)”, Website Lockheed Martin (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/products/intercontinental-ballistic-missile–icbm-.html), viewed June 2016.

[xviii]   Inside the Air Force, “Air Force Chooses BAE As Lead ICBM Contractor, Supplanting Northrop”, Inside the Air Force, Vol.24(31), 2 August 2013;
Boeing, “Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Systems”, Website Boeing (www.boeing.com/defense-space/ic/icbmsys/index.html), viewed June 2016;
WashingtonWatch, “Minuteman III Solid Rocket Motor Warm Line Program (SRMWL)”, Website WashintonWatch (www.washingtonwatch.com/bills/show/ED_81542.html), viewed June 2016;
Globe Newswire, “Minuteman ICBM Commemorates 50 Years of Nuclear Deterrence”, Website GlobeNewswire, 9 January 2013 (globenewswire.com/news-release/2013/01/09/515498/10017538/en/Minuteman-ICBM-Commemorates-50-Years-of-Nuclear-Deterrence.html);
Lockheed Martin, “Lockheed Martin Receives $12.5 Million Contract for Reentry Vehicle Fuze Refurbishment for Air Force’s ICBM Program”, News Release Lockheed Martin, 14 March 2011 (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/press-releases/2011/march/LockheedMartinReceives125.html);
Inside the Pentagon, “BAE Weeks Away From Fully Assuming Lead Role In ICBM Sustainment”, Inside the Pentagon, Vol.30(18), 1 May 2014.

[xix]    Lockheed Martin, “Lockheed Martin Receives $12.5 Million Contract for Reentry Vehicle Fuze Refurbishment for Air Force’s ICBM Program”, News Release Lockheed Martin, 14 March 2011 (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/press-releases/2011/march/LockheedMartinReceives125.html);
US Air Force, “SecAF discusses Minuteman III, space at Vandenberg, 17 June 2011”, Website US Air Force (www.af.mil/News/ArticleDisplay/tabid/223/Article/116366/secaf-discusses-minuteman-iii-space-at-vandenberg.aspx), viewed June 2016.

[xx]    Lockheed Martin, “Lockheed Martin Receives $109 Million Sustainment Contract For The Air Force’s Minuteman III Reentry Subsystem”, News release Lockheed Martin, 12 June 2014 (www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/press-releases/2014/june/0612-ss-minuteman.html);
U.S. Department of Defense, “Daily contracts – Contract FA8214-14-D-0002”, Website U.S. Department of Defense, 5 June 2014 (archive.defense.gov/Contracts/Contract.aspx?ContractID=5300);
Airforce-Technology, “USAF awards Minuteman III reentry subsystem sustainment contract”, Website Airforce-Technology, 17 June 2014 (www.airforce-technology.com/news/newsusaf-awards-minuteman-iii-reentry-subsystem-sustainment-contract-4294836).

[xxi]    InsideDefense, “Long-Range Standoff Missile Development Pushed Back By Three Years”, InsideDefense, 5 March 2014;
Malenic, M., “Industry expects LRSO RfP in months”, IHS Jane’s 360, 16 March 2016 (www.janes.com/article/58824/industry-expects-lrso-rfp-in-months).

[xxii]   Federation of American Scientists, “W80-1 Warhead Selected For New Nuclear Cruise Missile”, Website Federation of American Scientists, 10 October 2014 (fas.org/blogs/security/2014/10/w80-1_lrso/).

[xxiii]   Malenic, M., “USAF wants to dodge latest air defences with bomber’s new secret weapon”, Website IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, 27 January 2015.

[xxiv] AWE-ML, “Our company”, Website AWE-ML (www.awe.co.uk/about-us/our-company/), viewed June 2016;
Edwards, R., “Anger as US arms dealer takes over running of Scottish nuclear bomb base”, Website Scotland Herald, 28 May 2011 (www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/anger-as-us-arms-dealer-takes-over-running-of-scottish-nuclear-bomb-base.13864732).

[xxv]   Serco, “AWE review concluded successfully and updated contract agreed”, Press Release Serco, 31 March 2016 (www.serco.com/media/pressreleases/awe-review-concluded-successfully-and-updated-contract-agreed).

[xxvi] AWE, “Our company”, Website AWE (www.awe.co.uk/about-us/our-company/), viewed June 2016;
AWE, “Overview”, AWE, July 2014 (www.awe.co.uk/app/uploads/2014/07/AWE-OVERVIEW-FINAL.pdf).

[xxvii]      AWE, “Overview”, AWE, July 2014 (www.awe.co.uk/app/uploads/2014/07/AWE-OVERVIEW-FINAL.pdf).

[xxviii]      The Guardian, “Britain’s nuclear spending soars amid defence cuts”, Website The Guardian, 2 October 2011 (www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/oct/02/ministry-of-defence-nuclear-spending-project-pegasus);
AWE, “Annual review 2013”, AWE, May 2014.

[xxix] Collingridge, J., “Nuclear contract may be scrapped”, Website The Sunday Times, 15 March 2015 (www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/business/Companies/article1531071.ece).

[xxx]   UK Ministry of Defence, “MOD drives efficiencies in improved contract for nuclear sites”, Website UK Ministry of Defence, 31 March 2016 (www.gov.uk/government/news/mod-drives-efficiencies-in-improved-contract-for-nuclear-sites);
Serco, “AWE review concluded successfully and updated contract agreed”, Press Release Serco, 31 March 2016 (www.serco.com/media/pressreleases/awe-review-concluded-successfully-and-updated-contract-agreed).

[xxxi] Nuclear Information Service, “AWE: Britain’s Nuclear Weapons Factory Past, Present, and Possibilities for the Future”, Nuclear Information Service, June 2016 (www.nuclearinfo.org/sites/default/files/AWE%20-%20Britain%27s%20Nuclear%20Weapons%20Factory_0.pdf);
Ministry of Defence, “Appointment as Senior Responsible Owner for the Nuclear Warhead Capability Sustainment Programme”, Letter by the Ministry of Defence to Dr Paul Hollinshead, DST Director, 2 July 2014 (www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/523656/Nuclear_Warhead_Capability_Sustainment_Programme_SRO_appointment_Letter_-_P.Hollingshead.pdf).

[xxxii]      Nuclear Information Service, “AWE: Britain’s Nuclear Weapons Factory Past, Present, and Possibilities for the Future”, Nuclear Information Service, June 2016 (www.nuclearinfo.org/sites/default/files/AWE%20-%20Britain%27s%20Nuclear%20Weapons%20Factory_0.pdf);
Norton-Taylor, R., “Trident is being upgraded in secret, report claims”, Website The Guardian, 7 June 2016 (www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/jun/07/trident-upgrade-secret-nuclear-warhead-new-weapon).

[xxxiii]      Bechtel National, “Team Will Manage and Operate Facilities Within Nuclear Security Enterprise”, Website Bechtel National, 8 January 2013 (www.bechtel.com/newsroom/releases/2013/01/bechtel-led-team-awarded-contract-y12-pantex/);
Power Engineering, “Consolidated Nuclear Security to manage US Nuclear Facility Management”, Website Power Engineering, 7 March 2014 (www.power-eng.com/articles/2014/03/consolidated-nuclear-security-to-manage-us-nuclear-facility-management.html).

[xxxiv]     Inside the Pentagon, “NNSA Awards $446 Million Contract To Manage Nuclear Plants”, Inside the Pentagon, 10 January 2013;
National Nuclear Security Administration, “Solicitation, offer and award – contract no. NA0001942”, U.S. Department of Energy, 14 December 2011 (nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/04-14-inlinefiles/2014-03-25%20Basic%20Contract.pdf);
Bechtel Group, “Annual Report 2015”, Bechtel Group, April 2015.

[xxxv]      National Nuclear Security Administration, “FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request”, Department of Energy, February 2011 (nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/inlinefiles/FY%202012%20NNSA%20Congressional%20Budget%20Submission_0.pdf);
Kristensen, H.M., “The Nuclear Weapons Modernization Budget”, FAS Strategic Security Blog of the Federation of American Scientists, 17 February 2011 (blogs.fas.org/security/2011/02/nuclearbudget/);
National Nuclear Security Administration, “W76-1 Life Extension Program”, Website National Nuclear Security Administration, 15 November 2012 (nnsa.energy.gov/mediaroom/factsheets/w76-1lep);
Arms Control Association, “US Nuclear Modernization Programs”, Website Arms Control Association, December 2015 (www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/USNuclearModernization).

Producers

In some nuclear-armed states – in particular the United States, the United Kingdom and France – private companies are hired by governments to carry out work on maintaining and modernising nuclear arsenals. This report looks at companies that are providing the necessary components to develop, test, maintain and modernise nuclear weapons.The contracts these companies have with nuclear armed countries are for materials and services to keep nuclear weapons in their arsenals. The companies described are substantially involved in the nuclear weapons programmes of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, or India and are themselves based in France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

In other nuclear-armed countries –Russia, China, Pakistan and North Korea – the maintenance and modernization of nuclear forces is carried out primarily or exclusively by government agencies.

Methodology

The nuclear weapon producers identified were selected on the basis of a predetermined set of criteria.
– Information on investments is publicly available.
– The company is directly involved in the development, testing, production, maintenance or trade of nuclear weapons related technology, parts, products or services.
– The company’s involvement is related to warheads, or to delivery systems such as missiles, that are specifically developed for nuclear tasks. This includes technology that is designed for ‘dual use’ (military and civilian) but excludes technology that is not designed for, but can be used in nuclear warfare. It does not include delivery platforms such as bombers and submarines.

State owned or controlled nuclear industries are outside the scope of this research, as are companies not publicly listed. Our research uncovered a number of Universities involved in nuclear weapons programmes, but these are also outside the scope of the report.

The list of nuclear weapon producers investigated was compiled through a wide variety of sources, including financial institution exclusion lists, civil society reports, media reports, etc. Additional details on the contracts and components can be found in the Annex. We welcome information at any time about possible nuclear weapons producing companies to investigate.